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Tuesday, April 28, 2009

Star Trek & Sixties Design 5: Tulip Chairs, Tables, and Space-Age Visors

I  Tulip Chairs

Mortmere has alerted me that Star Trek's chairs and tables were a variation on the Tulip Chairs (below, left) and tables designed by Finland-born Eero Saarinen for Knoll in 1957. *

I went looking and sure enough, there they are.




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Screencap ^ from the Star Trek episode "Is There in Truth No Beauty?" (1968).

*Mortmere also sent me the link to this web article "Chairs by Burke", which reports:
"The standard equipment chair seen on the sets of the Enterprise were manufactured by a company in Texas called "Burke". They were closely patterned after a similar chair by Saarinen except that they featured a four-blade 'propellor' base instead of the circular 'Tulip' base..."


You can see the base on the chair behind Spock's in this still from the 1966 episode "Charlie X." (It's harder than you might think to find a clear shot of an entire chair.) Eames' chairs also have a propeller base.

II. Tulip Chairs,  and Space-Age Visors

"O brave new world! That has such creatures in't."
--Spock/Kollos quoting Miranda, from Shakespeare's The Tempest, in the 1968 Star Trek episode "Is There in Truth No Beauty?" 

Diana Muldaur (below, left) guest-starred in the episode as Dr. Miranda Jones.










            
Advertisement, above right, for Eero Saarinen's Tulip Armchair [links to MoMA page], a classic of mid-century modern design, designed for Knoll in 1955-56.

Miranda Jones is the companion of Kollos, an energy entity so different in appearance from humanoids that they must wear visors to protect against madness if they glimpse him. Left, Spock and Miranda transport Kollos (in the box). 


< Note the chair.








An IDIC medallion, which was introduced in this episode, is hereby e-bestowed upon Mortmere, in thanks for her telling me about the Saarinen/Star Trek connection.

Infinite Diversity in Infinite Combinations, indeed!

III. Tulip Table, with Chairs

"When I see you, I... I feel like I'm hungry... all over. Hungry. Do you know how that feels?"
--Charlie X, to Janice Rand





















 Above, left: Tulip Chairs and Table, designed by Eero Saarinen for Knoll in 1957
Above, right: Charles Evans (Robert Walker) in the brig, from Star Trek's 1966 episode "Charlie X"
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[Thanks, as always, to Trekcore.com for the Star Trek screencaps.]

9 comments:

poodletail said...

Fresca! I didn't know the Tulip Chairs and Tables had been designed for Knoll, employer of my famous neighbors, "Bjork" and "Liberace".
The ST style had totally escaped me and your highlights have captured my imagination. Envision a world in which we could all be stylin' like Veruschka, or like the fabulous Uhuru (P.F.Y.) with her fab abs!

momo said...

I love this series/project! I read somewhere recently that Star Trek also influenced the imagination of designers of cell phones, but I can't remember where.

fresca said...

Poodle: VERUSCHKA!!!
I need your help.
I thought, this must be some famous model, but what do I know. Now I must write about 1966's "Blow-Up"...
And the Barcelona couch looks suspiciously like the beds in Star Trek.

Momo: I love it too! It is taking over my brain. And yes, there's not only the question of how ST design reflected and influenced the 1960s but the future. That's been covered by the man himself--an overview, anyway, called "How William Shatner Changed the World". Shy? Our Bill? Never!

Rudyinparis said...

HOW are you finding this stuff??! It is inspired. Clearly, this is a higher calling. Hel-loooooo, Fresca, you're being called to write this book!

fresca said...

Hi, R.I.P.!
Well, you know how it is, Library Grrrl... you just start with with one lead (Marimekko, in my case--that "Trouble with Tribbles" wall design reminded me of their bold, bright fabric design) and start following the threads.

poodletail said...

Fresca, I'm certain it isn't Veruschka in the Tulip Armchair ad but the model is surely Veruschka-esque.

fresca said...

Oh, thanks for clarifying. (I can't even find the date of that ad...) Still need to tug on the thread of "Blow-Up".
This is all making my head swim!

The Aardvark said...

Veruschka was an amazing model who did some off-beat work (tho' perhaps not really THAT far off) with body paints, posing as different wild animals.

Quite striking and memorable.

Thanks for the Knoll goodies!

Moessy said...

Hello,

I'd appreciate if you can give me some feedback on our site: www.regencyshop.com

I realize that you are home decor-modern design connoisseur :) I'd like to hear your opinion/feedback on our products. Also, it'd be swell if you can place our tulip chair link on your blog.

Thank you,

Nancy