(Of course 1960s modern design has roots in the past, such as the German Bauhaus, as well as branching toward the future.)
"Let us desire, conceive, and create the new building of the future together. It will combine architecture, sculpture, and painting in a single form, and will one day rise towards the heavens from the hands of a million workers as the crystalline symbol of a new and coming faith."
--Bauhaus Manifesto, by Walter Gropius, 1919
Clockwise, from top left:
1. Eightieth birthday party, in 1963, of Walter Gropius, German founding member of the Bauhaus modern design school (1919 - 1933). (Found here.)
2. "50 Jahre Bauhaus" ("50 years Bauhaus") exhibit poster, 1968, by Bauhaus designer Herbert Bayer.
3. Costume designer Wiliam Ware Theiss created Star Trek's uniforms, here from the episode "Operation: Annihilate!" (1967). The episode's outdoor scenes were filmed at TRW Space and Defense Park in the city of Redondo Beach, California.
4. French fashion designer Pierre Cardin's Space-Age Collection, '67-'68, from the retro-fashion blog Glamoursplash.
"The clothes that I prefer are those I invent for a life that doesn't exist yet - the world of tomorrow."
--Pierre Cardin Past, Present, Future, 1990.
As always, Star Trek screencaps from TrekCore.com.